Beyond the Enclave
Beyond the Enclave argues for a new approach to development in Zimbabwe based on pro-poor and socially inclusive strategies that will contribute to the well-being of all citizens and wise stewardship over all of its resource. The book offers suggestions on policy formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation in multiple sectors all designed to promote inclusive growth and humane development. It is therefore important for national budgets and other national development plans to embrace the strategies espoused in the book in order to archive pro-poor and socially inclusive development. Important to note is that the 2013 National Budget had the sub-title "Beyond the Enclave" Another Zimbabwe is in the making
Decent Work & Collective Bargaining
The concept of decent work was institutionalised in the ILO's Decent Work Agenda (DWA) which it adopted in 1999 and has gained widespread currency globally since then. The DWA is made up of four pillars namely: employment creation, worker's rights, social protection and social dialogue. The four pillars are inseparable, inter-related and mutually supportive. Failure to achieve one pillar hinders achievement of the other three pillars. It is therefore important for trade unions to understand the ILO DWA so that they can effectively engage national stakeholders in order to improve the working conditions and lives of workers in Zimbabwe
More importantly, the trade unions should integrate the four pillars of the DWA in their collective bargaining negotiations and agreements either at sectorial level (through the National Employment Councils) or at company level. Since the four pillars of the DWA are enshrined in the various international instruments ranging from the ILO to the United Nations, workers have adequate basis for demanding them to be effected at national sectorial and company level.
Economic Literacy / Socio-Economic Rights
Socio-economic rights are a vital aspect of the human rights and are closely related to national development. The international Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR, 1996) enumerates socio-economic rights as including, but not limited to the right to education, health, housing, food and water, work, social security, and adequate standard of living, a healthy environment, and the right to development. This treaty also notes that all socio-economic rights must be guaranteed without discrimination.
In this regard, LEDRIZ runs economic literacy training on the eight socio-economic rights, namely: the right to food, education, health, transport, decent work, decent living, housing and basic utilities to ensure that its citizens fully enjoy these as rights and not privileges. The inclusion of the rights in the new constitution provides a basis of demanding them.
Women and Gender
Developmental policies have different impacts on men and women. According to the 2011/12 PICES Report, women constitute the greater percentage of the population, 52.4% and yet most of them remain marginalized from the mainstream economy. The roots of low levels of integration of women and the persistent gender inequalities including in the labour market can be traced to cultural norms and practices as well as their triple jeopardy in that they are responsible for household work reproduction and community work, including care work, while men are outward bound and are mainly in the productive sphere.
In addition, the lack of adequate provision of socio-economic services and decent work will therefore have differential impact on women and men. Thus, efforts should be made to ensure that developmental policies are gender sensitive.
Climate Change, Green Economy and Green Jobs Project
Climate change has taken centre stage in the global political economy and sustainable development discourse. In this discourse, the concepts of ‘green economy’, ‘green growth’ and ‘low carbon ‐ development’ and ‘green jobs’ have been used interchangeably and are at the centre of climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies. Given that these concepts are a recent development, it is important to undertake research on such and determine how far these concepts have been domesticated and applied, and to assess their potential in Zimbabwe.
In light of this, labour is identified as a key stakeholder in greening the economy and creation of green and decent jobs. Therefore, the project aims to capacitate the ZCTU and its affiliates to play a more proactive role in climate change, green economy and green jobs debates. The project also aims at raising awareness and consciousness on the green economy and green jobs not only for the labour movement but other national stakeholders such as government, employers and the populace. This will be achieved through cutting-edge research, education and training; and advocacy and engagement so that all key stakeholders play a more proactive role. The initial focus of the project will be on the energy sector with emphasis on the potential for green energy and green jobs in the energy sector. Further expansion into other economic sectors will be undertaken as the project develops.
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